Compressed air, when used properly, can be an extremely useful tool. When misused, though, it can be a dangerous source of injury. One of the primary concerns about compressed air is whether or not it can penetrate the skin.
In this article, we will explore the risks associated with compressed air and discuss what precautions should be taken to protect against dangerous incidents.
Compressed air, often referred to as “Industrial Air”, is gases that are compressed to higher than atmospheric pressure. Commonly found in factories and workshops, it is the most commonly used form of power in the industry. Compressed air provides the essential force necessary to power pneumatic tools and machinery and can be used to create suction when working with vacuums.
Potential dangers of compressed air
Compressed air is a powerful tool used in many industries, such as automotive repair, construction and manufacturing. While it can be a useful tool for certain operations, it is important to understand the potential health hazards associated with its use. Exposure to compressed air can cause physical harm, such as cuts and bruises, or even more serious injury if not proper precautions are taken. It can also cause pulmonary damage if inhaled.
This article will provide an overview of potential dangers posed by compressed air and highlight ways to ensure the safe use of this tool:
- Wear protective clothing, such as gloves and safety glasses, when using compressed air.
- Keep the air pressure at a safe level.
- Never point the nozzle of the air hose at anyone.
- Ensure that the air hose is not leaking.
- Be aware of the potential for flying debris.
- Keep the work area well-ventilated.
Compressed Air and Skin Penetration
Compressed air is a powerful tool and can be found in a variety of industries and trades. It is used to power pneumatic tools and clean surfaces. But can compressed air penetrate the skin? In this article, we will explore this topic in detail discussing its effects and risks associated with skin penetration caused by compressed air.
Factors that influence skin penetration
When compressed air is released in close proximity to the human body, there is a chance that it may penetrate the skin and cause harm. This depends on a number of factors including the pressure, distance from the body and duration of exposure.
- Pressure: The higher amount of pressure will increase the risk of skin penetration, though even lower pressures can be dangerous in certain circumstances.
- Distance: The greater distance between the source of compressed air and your skin decreases the risk of penetration. If exposed at a very close range (e.g., less than five centimeters) any pressure could cause injury or even death in rare cases.
- Duration: Longer exposures increase the chance of skin penetration, thus it is important to limit exposure time when working with compressed air no matter what distances are maintained or what pressures are used.
Other factors include age (younger individuals are more likely to be harmed), general health conditions (people who are ill or have existing skin conditions may be at higher risk) or body composition (certain parts of an individual’s anatomy may be more susceptible to skin punctures).
Types of injuries that can occur from compressed air
Compressed air is a useful tool for many industries, but it can be hazardous if not used properly. Sometimes compressed air can penetrate the skin and cause injuries, such as contusions and air embolisms.
Contusions result from high-pressure air entering the body through a closed orifice from the accidental injection of compressed air through the epidermis. Injuries may vary in severity based on the depth and pressure of the injected gas.
Air embolism is an injury that results when compressed air enters a person’s bloodstream through an injection into a vein or artery. Symptoms can include chest pain, breathlessness, headaches and confusion amongst other symptoms depending on where within the body it is located. Treatment for this serious condition should begin immediately.
To avoid such risks, users should wear:
- Protective eyewear (goggles)
- Ear protection (ear plugs/muffs)
- Coveralls with long sleeves instead of shorts/t-shirts without hoods
- Shoes not sandals
Prevention of Skin Penetration
Compressed air is a potential hazard in the workplace and can cause serious injury if it penetrates the skin. To reduce the risk of injury, certain precautions must be taken to prevent the compressed air from penetrating the skin.
In this article, we will go over some of the key steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of compressed air injury:
Use of protective clothing and equipment
The use of appropriate protective clothing and equipment is key in preventing accidental skin penetration. Wearing gloves, safety glasses, lab coats and long sleeve shirts can help reduce the risks of skin penetration by compressed air. Steel-toed boots or rubber-soled shoes should be worn when the risk of impact due to the pressure created by compressed air is present.
It is also important to keep all work areas clear from debris and other potential hazards that might distract from the task at hand as well as limit potential injuries. Doing a walk-through with workers prior to their starting a job will help ensure that everyone understands what safety measures need to be taken before beginning their tasks.
Proper training and education
Skin penetration hazards can be reduced through proper education and training. Workers should be informed of the possible consequences, dangers and symptoms from compressed air exposure.
Workers must also understand and apply safe work practices when using compressed air or when in an area where there is potential for skin contact with compressed air. For example:
- Protective eyewear must always be worn to protect against accidental eye contact with high-speed particles ejected while working with compressed air tools or hoses.
- When using hand-held tools such as grinders, sanders and spray guns, feet should never come closer than four inches (10 cm) to the nozzle of the tool or hose used to power it.
- Compressed air hoses can easily cut through thin clothing material if they are contacted sharply. To prevent cuts, workers should always wear long sleeves that are tightly fitted around their wrists even if upper body clothing has no other opening that could allow skin contact with a moving hose nozzle or a jet of high-pressure particles from a tool.
Wearing gloves and face shields are ideal when necessary during these activities since any speeding particle ejected by compressed air can easily penetrate the thin membrane covering our eyes or skin leading to serious injury if not handled properly.
Treatment of Skin Penetration
Compressed air can very easily penetrate the skin, resulting in serious injuries and even death. When compressed air penetrates the skin, it can cause considerable internal damage depending on the volume, pressure, and duration of exposure.
First aid for skin penetration
If you or someone else has been pierced by a compressed air tool, the first step is to stop the bleeding. Apply pressure on the wound with sterile gauze, a clean cloth or paper towels. If possible, also elevate the area above the heart level to keep blood from flowing into and through the wound.
Once the bleeding has stopped or slowed down significantly, wash the affected area with soap and warm water to remove bacteria and dirt.
It’s important to monitor for any signs of infection such as:
- pain at the wound site;
- redness and swelling;
- heat radiating from their skin;
- chest pain;
- fatigue or labored breathing during activities.
Medical treatment for skin penetration
When an object penetrates the skin, infection is always a risk and should be treated as soon as possible. If a wound has been caused by metal or glass, it is recommended to seek medical attention immediately.
Oftentimes, wound closure with sutures or staples is necessary to reduce the risk of further infection. This involves stitching up the wound in order to aid in healing and to prevent bacterial contamination from entering the body through the open wound. In other instances, depending on the severity or location of the penetration, antibiotics may be prescribed in order to prevent the localized spread of infection.
While surgery provides a good chance for a cure against a potential bacterial infection caused by foreign elements entering into delicate organs or tissues beneath skin surface, preventive measures such as tetanus vaccination may also help reduce risks associated with deep tissue penetration.
The question of whether or not compressed air can penetrate the skin is one that requires further study and investigation. Several studies have demonstrated that there are increased risks of injury when working with high-pressure air, particularly when exposed skin is present. However, these studies have also been limited in scope and have yet to prove conclusively that pressurized air can penetrate the skin. An additional concern is that there is a lack of standard protocols developed to evaluate potential health outcomes associated with compressed air exposure.